Espionnage et autres vols de technologies

[Accueil] [Remonter]

Depuis très longtemps, la Chine compte tout autant sur ses services de renseignement que sur ses propres capacités d'invention, de recherche et de développement pour procurer au pays les matériels et surtout les technologies qu'elles désirent. Très souvent, les Occidentaux leur ont fourni, sans même qu'on leur demande. Ils agissaient pas ignorance cupide, persuadés d'avoir trouvé la méthode pour mettre pied sur "l'immense marché chinois". Les Soviétiques ont aussi appris à leur dépens que tout ce qui tombait entre les mains des ingénieurs de la RPC avait vocation à être photocopié. Sans bien sûr le moindre respect de la propriété intellectuelle et industrielle. Le préjudice serait limité si toutes ces contrefaçons restaient destinées au marché local. Le problème est qu'elles sont exportées, avec tout ce que cela implique en matière de dangerosité, vol de parts de marché, et même perte d'image de marque en raison de la pauvre qualité de ces contrefaçons.

California couple charged with exporting sensitive technology to China

by Michael Martinez, CNN October 15, 2010 -- Updated 2325 GMT (0725 HKT)

Los Angeles, Calif. -- A southern California couple who ran a technology company has been arrested on charges of conspiring to export sensitive technology illegally to China and for making false statements to investigators, a spokesman for the U.S. attorney said Friday.

[...]The couple's firm, General Technology Systems Integration Inc., of Ontario, California, contracted with the Sichuan Institute of Solid-State Circuits -- also known as the 24th Research Institute of the China Electronics Technology Corporation Group -- in Chongqing to design and transfer technology for two types of high-performance analog-to-digital converters without the required license, authorities said.

That technology has military and commercial applications, and it has export controls because of national security and anti-terrorism reasons, authorities said.[...]

China bugs and burgles Britain

David Leppard , the Sunday Times, 31/01/2010

The security service MI5 has accused China of bugging and burgling UK business executives and setting up “honeytraps” in a bid to blackmail them into betraying sensitive commercial secrets.[...]

MI5 says the Chinese government “represents one of the most significant espionage threats to the UK” because of its use of these methods, as well as widespread electronic hacking.

Written by MI5’s Centre for the Protection of National Infrastructure, the 14-page “restricted” report describes how China has attacked UK defence, energy, communications and manufacturing companies in a concerted hacking campaign. It claims China has also gone much further, targeting the computer networks and email accounts of public relations companies and international law firms. “Any UK company might be at risk if it holds information which would benefit the Chinese,” the report says.

The explicit nature of the MI5 warning is likely to strain diplomatic ties between London and Beijing. Relations between the two countries were damaged last month after China’s decision to execute a mentally ill British man for alleged drug trafficking.

[...] China has occasionally attempted sexual entrapment to target senior British political figures. Two years ago an aide to Gordon Brown had his BlackBerry phone stolen after being picked up by a Chinese woman who had approached him in a Shanghai hotel disco. The report says the practice has now extended to commercial espionage. It says Chinese agents are trying to cultivate “long-term relationships” with the employees of key British companies: “An undercover intelligence officer may try to develop a friendship or business relationship, often using lavish hospitality and flattery.

“Chinese intelligence services have also been known to exploit vulnerabilities such as sexual relationships and illegal activities to pressurise individuals to co-operate with them.”

The warning to British businessmen adds: “Hotel rooms in major Chinese cities, such as Beijing and Shanghai, which are frequented by foreigners, are likely to be bugged ... hotel rooms have been searched while the occupants are out of the room.” [...]

The growing threat from China has led Evans to complain that his agency is being forced to divert manpower and resources away from the fight against Al-Qaeda. His lobbying helped to prompt the Cabinet Office to set up the Office of Cyber Security, which will be launched in March.

remonter

U.S. company accuses China of stealing software

Sat Jun 13, 2009 By Dan Whitcomb Reuters

LOS ANGELES (Reuters) - A California software publisher will seek an injunction preventing U.S. companies from shipping computers with Chinese anti-pornography software it says was stolen, the company's president said on Saturday.

Solid Oak Software Inc said it found pieces of its CyberSitter Internet-filtering software in the Chinese program, including a list of terms to be blocked and instructions for updating the software [...]

Cela me rappelle, en 1992, une histoire du même genre. Le Ministère de l'intérieur chinois avait fait distribuer aux ambassades des disquettes contenant un antivirus. Après vérification, il s'agissait d'un "Norton antivirus version xx", camouflé derrière un écran d'acceuil officiel du Ministère chinois. Saisi d'un doute, j'avais contacté Symantec, qui m'avait confirmé que cette version "xx" n'avait jamais été mise en circulation. Je n'ai jamais su si elle détectait les virus, mais au moins elle n'en rajoutait pas. JVB

remonter

U.S. panel warns of Chinese espionage

Friday, November 21, 2008

By Foster Klug, AP

WASHINGTON -- A congressional advisory panel said Thursday that China has stepped-up computer espionage attacks on the U.S. government, defense contractors and American businesses.[...]

Spy Cases Raise Concern on China’s Intentions

Neil Lewis, New York Times, 10 juillet 2008

The cases have intensified the evaluation in intelligence and law enforcement circles about the breadth of the threat from Beijing. Many have been similar to the one involving Mr. Bergersen, in that prosecutors describe them as carefully planned intelligence operations run by the Chinese government intended to steal national security secrets. Other cases, however, are less clear in their nature; some seem to be closer to violations of commercial export laws, with the transferred information intended to provide Chinese companies a technological benefit.

[...]Beyond the case of Mr. Bergersen, prosecutors in the last year have brought about a dozen cases involving China’s efforts to obtain military-grade accelerometers (used to make smart bombs), defense information about Taiwan, American warship technology, night-vision technology and refinements to make missiles more difficult to detect.

In interviews, current and former intelligence and law enforcement officials demonstrated uncertainty as to the precise scope of the problem of Chinese espionage. But many officials offered a similar description of the pattern of the cases: Chinese government and state-sponsored industries have relied on the Chinese diaspora — using immigrants, students and people of second- and third-generation Chinese heritage — and regular commercial relations to operate a system in which some people wittingly or unwittingly participate.

One senior law enforcement official involved in prosecuting such cases said the Chinese had “a game plan of sending out lots of tiny feelers in hopes of getting back small bits of seemingly unrelated information in hopes of creating a larger picture.”

David W. Szady, who as an assistant director of the F.B.I. ran its counterintelligence division until retiring in 2006, said the Chinese had “mastered the use of multiple redundant collection platforms” by looking for students, delegates to conferences, relatives and researchers to gather information.

remonter

British Spy Chief Warns of China Web Threat

(AFP, Dec. 1, 2007) The head of Britain's domestic security service has warned business leaders that China has been carrying out state-sponsored espionage against vital parts of the economy. The director-general of MI5, Jonathan Evans, wrote to 300 chief executives and security heads at banks, accountancy and legal firms, warning them they were under attack from "Chinese state organizations" via the Internet, The Times said.

Report: China spies threaten U.S. technology

CNN, 15/11/2007

WASHINGTON (AP) -- Chinese spying in America represents the greatest threat to U.S. technology, according to a congressional advisory panel report Thursday that recommended lawmakers consider financing counterintelligence efforts meant to stop China from stealing U.S. manufacturing expertise.

[...]China denied any spying activities, stressing the importance of healthy economic ties with the U.S. "China never does anything undermining the interests of other countries," Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Liu Jianchao said at a regular briefing Thursday in Beijing. "China and the U.S. have a fundamental common interest in promoting sound and rapid development."

L'espionnage chinois est une source d'inquiétude, selon le chef du FBI

AFP, le 27/7/2007

Les opérations d'espionnage chinoises sont une source d'inquiétude "importante", et les Etats-Unis prennent des mesures pour lutter contre cette menace, a déclaré le directeur du FBI Robert Mueller.

Spy sold submarine secrets to China

Tim Reid, Washington The Australian, May 14, 2007

A Chinese-born engineer has been found guilty of conspiring to export US defence technology to Beijing - including data that would make it easier to detect submarines - as the FBI said Chinese spies had become the most active agents in the US.

Prosecutors described Chi Mak, 67, as a brilliant sleeper agent who had been passing defence technology secrets to Beijing for more than 20 years. He will be sentenced on September 10 and faces up to 45 years in jail.

[...]

In the past two years, the FBI has arrested nearly 30 Chinese nationals or Chinese Americans in cases involving US technology. The Government has also set up more than 400 investigations since 2000 involving the illegal export of arms technology to China.